وَلْتَكُن مِّنكُمْ أُمَّةٌ يَدْعُونَ إِلَى الْخَيْرِ وَيَأْمُرُونَ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَيَنْهَوْنَ عَنِ الْمُنكَرِ وَأُوْلَـئِكَ هُمُ الْمُفْلِحُونَ* القران سورة آل عمران ١٠٤
“Dan jadilah kamu sekalian bagian dari umat yang menyerukan kebajikan dan mengajak yang ma'ruf dan mencegah dari perbuatan munkar, mereka itulah orang-orang yang beruntung [Quran Surat Ali Imron, ayat 104]

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Sabtu, 20 Februari 2010

The Way of Salah


The way of salah as describe below is taken from http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/galleries/salah/

Takbir
Although Muslims can pray to God at any time or place, and in any language, there are five prayers they are obligated to perform throughout the day. They follow the same pattern so everyone can follow in congregation, and set prayers are always recited in Arabic.

Takbir is entering into the state of prayer by glorifying God (stating Allahu Akbar). Muslims face towards Baitullah in Makkah and make the intention to pray. To begin the act of prayer, they say 'Allahu Akbar' meaning God is great, raising the hands to the ears or shoulder.
Qiyaam / Standing up
Muslims place their right hand over their left on their chest or navel while in the standing position. A short supplication glorifying God and seeking His protection is read. Firstly, in Qiyam it is read dua Iftitah, then followed by Surah Al Fatiha, which is the first chapter in the Qur'an. Verses from any another chapter are then recited (specially for the first two rakaah).
Raising the two hands until rightly ear level
حَدَثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ سَلَمَةَ عَنْ أبَى عَبْدِ الرَّحِيْمِ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِى زَيْدٌ هُوَ ابْنُ أَبِى أَخْبَرَنَا قُتَيْبَةَ قَالَ حَدَثَنَا أَبُو الأَحْوَصِ عَنْ أَبِى إِسْحَقَ عَنْ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ بْنِ وَائِلٍ عَنْ أَبِيْهِ قَالَ صَلّيْبُ خَلْفَ رَسُولِ الله صَلَى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَ سَلَمَ فَلَمَّا افْتَتَحَ الًّصَّلَاةَ كَبَّرَ وَ رَفَعَ يَدَيْهِ حَتَّى حَاذَتَا أُذُنَيْهِ ثُمَّ يَقْرَأُ بِفَاتِحَةِ الْكِتَابِ فَلَمَّا فَرَغَ مِنْهَا قَالَ آمِيْنَ يَرْفَعُ بِهَا صَوْتَهُ ... كتأب الصلاة
From Abdillah Al Jabbari bin Wail from his father the father narrated,”I prayed behind Rasulullah SAW, when (Rasulullah SAW) start praying He recite Takbeer and rise His two hands until straight his ear level then (Rasulullah) recite Surah Al Fateha, aster finishing (reciting Al Fateha) He shout “Aaameen” loudly.

Iftitah / Opening Dua

حَدَثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ سَلَمَةَ عَنْ أبَى عَبْدِ الرَّحِيْمِ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِى زَيْدٌ هُوَا بْنُ أَبِى أُنَيسَةَ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ مُرَّةَ عَنْ عَوْنِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عُمَرَ قَالَ قَامَ رَجُلٌ خَلْفَ نَّبِىِّ صَلَى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَ سَلَمَ فَقَالَ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ كَبِيْرًا وَ الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ كَثِيْرًا وَ سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ بُكْرَةً وأَصِيلًا. فَقَالَ نَّبِىِّ اللَّهِ صَلَى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَ سَلَمَ مَنْ صَاحِبُ الْكَلِمَةِ فَقَالَ رَجُلٌ أنَا يَا نَّبِىِّ اللَّهِ فَقَالَ لَقَدِ ابْتَدَ رَهاَاثْنَا عَشَرَ مَلَكًا ~ ٢ ~ ١٢٥ كتب الصلاة

The Compulsory of Reciting Surah Al Fatiha Salah
أَخْبَرَنَامُحَمَّدُ ابْبُ مَنْصُوْرٍعَنْ سُفْيانَ عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ عَنْ مَحْمُوْدِبْنِ الرَّبِيْعِ عَنْ عُبَادَةَ بْنِ الصَّامِتِ عَنِ النَّبِىِّ صَلَى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَمَ قَلَ لَاصَلَاةَ لِمَنْ لَمْ يَقرَأُ بِفَاتِحَةِ الْكِتَابِ

Surat Al Fatihah
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم (1) الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ (2) الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ (3) مَالِكِ يَوْمِ الدِّينِ (4) إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ وَإِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِينُ (5) اهْدِنَا الصِّرَاطَ الْمُسْتَقِيمَ (6) صِرَاطَ الَّذِينَ أَنْعَمْتَ عَلَيْهِمْ غَيْرِ الْمَغْضُوبِ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلا الضَّالِّينَ 7

أَخْبَرَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْمُثَنَّى قَالَ حَدَّثَنَاعَبْدُالرَّحمَنِ بْنُ مَهْدِىٍّ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَاأَبَانُ ابْنُ يَزِيْدَ عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ أَبِى كَثِيْرٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ أَبِى قَتَادَةَ عَنْ أَبِيْهِ قَالَ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى اللَّهُ علىه و سلم يَقْرَأُ فِى الظُّهْرِ وَ العَصْرِ فِى الرَّكْعَتَيْنِ الْأُوْلَيَيْنِ بِأُمِّ الْقُرْآنِ وَ سُوْرَتَيْنِ وَفِى الْأُخْرَيَيْنِ بِأُمِّ الْقُرْآنِ كَانَ يُسْمِعُنَا الْآيَةَ أَحْيَانَا وَ كَانَ يُطِيْلُأَ وَّ لَرَكْعَةٍ مِنْ صَلَاةِ الظٌّهْرِ -٢-١٢٥

Ruku
Ruku means bowing. During ruku, Muslims says 'glory be to God, the Most Great', three times.

During prayer, it is forbidden to fidget or look around. Muslims must pray as though they are in the presence of God, and therefore must be in a state of concentration.

Brief Qiyaam / Itidal
While moving into the upright position, Muslims recite 'God listens to the one who praises Him' and while in the standing position, 'To God belongs all praise' then is recited. 'God is Great' is recited again. Hands are loosely at the sides this time.

Each movement is always preceded by the phrase 'God is Great'. This indicates to followers of the prayer that the leader is about to make the next movement.

Recitation of Itidal
أَجْبَرَنَاالْجَارُوْدُبْنُ مُعَاذٍالتِّرْمِذِىُّ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُوخَالِدٍ الأَحْمَرُ عَنْ مُحَمّدِبْنِ عَجْلَانَ عَنْ أَبِى صَلِحٍ عَنْ أَبِى هُرَيْرَةَ ٌقَلَ قَلَ ... أِنَّمَاجُعِلَ الإِمَامُ لِيُؤْتَمَّ بِهِ فَإِذَاكَبَّرَفَكَبِّرُوْا فَإِذَاقَرَأَ فَأَ،ْصِتُوْاوَإِذَا قَالَ سَمِعَ الله لِمنْ حَمِدَهُ فَقُوْلُوا اللَّهُمَّ رَبَّنَا لَكَ الْحَمْدُ -٢-١٤١-١٤٢

Rasulullah spoke,"Verily imam is made to be followed, when he takbir you takbir when he recite so be silent, when recite "sami'aAllahu liman hamidah" (Allah listen to who praises to Him) so say "Allahumma rabbanaa lakalhamdu" (for you Allah all praise)
Sujud
Sujud means to prostrate. While in the prostration position 'Glory be to God, the Most High' is repeated three times. Palms, knees, toes, forehead and nose must be the only body parts touching the ground.

The Prophet said, "The worst thief is he who steals from his prayer." His companions asked, "O Messenger of Allah, how does he steal from his prayer?" He said, "He does not perfect its ruku and sujud".


Brief sitting
'God is Great' is recited while moving to the sitting position. Muslims pause here for a few seconds, either staying silent, or reciting a shorter prayer. 'God is Great' is recited once more as the sujud position is taken again.

The Prophet recommended that each movement must last at least the time that it takes for the bones to settle. He compared some people's ruku' and sujud to the way that a crow pecks on the ground, because of the speed at which they perform it. (Ibn Khuzaymah)


Sujud
This sujud is the same as the first one.

After reciting 'Glory be to God, the Most High', one 'raka'ah', or unit is complete. Each salah has its own number of units though. The shortest prayer, Fajr, has two.

To continue the prayer from the sujud position, Muslims say 'God is Great' and stand up to repeat everything from Surah Al Fatiha, until they reach this sujud again.


Tashahhud
After saying God is Great, Muslims return to the sitting position. They recite a set number of short prayers in Arabic, praising God, and sending peace on the Prophet. They repeat the declaration of faith, raising the forefinger of their right hand, in order to act as a witness.

They then ask God to bestow blessings and peace upon Prophet Abraham and his family, and ask for the same for Prophet Muhammad. Finally, Muslims ask for forgiveness and mercy, and ask God to bless them and their children until the Day of Judgement.


Salam to the right
To end the prayer, Muslims first turn their face to the right saying 'Peace be upon you, and the mercy and blessings of Allah.'

This is said to the Angels which Muslims believe accompany each human being to record their actions.

Salam to right and to left
أَخْبَرَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ ٌقَالَ حَدَثَنَا عَبْدُالعَزِيْزِيَعْنِى الدَّرَاوَرْدِيَّ عَنْ عَمْرِوبْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِبْنِ يَحْيَى بْنِ حَبَّانَ عَنْ عَمِهِ واسِعِ بْنِ حَبَّانَ قَالَ قُلْتُ لِابْنِ عُمَرَ أَخْبِرْنِى عَنْ صَلَاةِ رَسُوْلِالله صلى اللهُ علىه وسلم كَيْفَ كَانَتْ قَالَ فَذَكَرَ التَّكْبْيرَ قَالَ يَعْنِى وَذَكَرَالسَّلَامُ عَلَيْكُمْ وَرَحْمَةُ الله عَنْ يَمِيْنِهِ السَّلَامُ عَلَيْكُمْ عَنْ يَسَارِهِ
Peace to the left
'Peace be upon you, and the mercy and blessings of Allah' is repeated turning to the left side now.

Muslims believe the Angel on the right side records all good actions and thoughts, while the one on the left records all bad actions.

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The Way of Salah


The way of salah as describe below is taken from http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/galleries/salah/

Takbir
Although Muslims can pray to God at any time or place, and in any language, there are five prayers they are obligated to perform throughout the day. They follow the same pattern so everyone can follow in congregation, and set prayers are always recited in Arabic.

Takbir is entering into the state of prayer by glorifying God (stating Allahu Akbar). Muslims face towards Baitullah in Makkah and make the intention to pray. To begin the act of prayer, they say 'Allahu Akbar' meaning God is great, raising the hands to the ears or shoulder.
Qiyaam / Standing up
Muslims place their right hand over their left on their chest or navel while in the standing position. A short supplication glorifying God and seeking His protection is read. Firstly, in Qiyam it is read dua Iftitah, then followed by Surah Al Fatiha, which is the first chapter in the Qur'an. Verses from any another chapter are then recited (specially for the first two rakaah).
Raising the two hands until rightly ear level
حَدَثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ سَلَمَةَ عَنْ أبَى عَبْدِ الرَّحِيْمِ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِى زَيْدٌ هُوَ ابْنُ أَبِى أَخْبَرَنَا قُتَيْبَةَ قَالَ حَدَثَنَا أَبُو الأَحْوَصِ عَنْ أَبِى إِسْحَقَ عَنْ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ بْنِ وَائِلٍ عَنْ أَبِيْهِ قَالَ صَلّيْبُ خَلْفَ رَسُولِ الله صَلَى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَ سَلَمَ فَلَمَّا افْتَتَحَ الًّصَّلَاةَ كَبَّرَ وَ رَفَعَ يَدَيْهِ حَتَّى حَاذَتَا أُذُنَيْهِ ثُمَّ يَقْرَأُ بِفَاتِحَةِ الْكِتَابِ فَلَمَّا فَرَغَ مِنْهَا قَالَ آمِيْنَ يَرْفَعُ بِهَا صَوْتَهُ ... كتأب الصلاة
From Abdillah Al Jabbari bin Wail from his father the father narrated,”I prayed behind Rasulullah SAW, when (Rasulullah SAW) start praying He recite Takbeer and rise His two hands until straight his ear level then (Rasulullah) recite Surah Al Fateha, aster finishing (reciting Al Fateha) He shout “Aaameen” loudly.

Iftitah / Opening Dua

حَدَثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ سَلَمَةَ عَنْ أبَى عَبْدِ الرَّحِيْمِ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِى زَيْدٌ هُوَا بْنُ أَبِى أُنَيسَةَ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ مُرَّةَ عَنْ عَوْنِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عُمَرَ قَالَ قَامَ رَجُلٌ خَلْفَ نَّبِىِّ صَلَى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَ سَلَمَ فَقَالَ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ كَبِيْرًا وَ الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ كَثِيْرًا وَ سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ بُكْرَةً وأَصِيلًا. فَقَالَ نَّبِىِّ اللَّهِ صَلَى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَ سَلَمَ مَنْ صَاحِبُ الْكَلِمَةِ فَقَالَ رَجُلٌ أنَا يَا نَّبِىِّ اللَّهِ فَقَالَ لَقَدِ ابْتَدَ رَهاَاثْنَا عَشَرَ مَلَكًا ~ ٢ ~ ١٢٥ كتب الصلاة

The Compulsory of Reciting Surah Al Fatiha Salah
أَخْبَرَنَامُحَمَّدُ ابْبُ مَنْصُوْرٍعَنْ سُفْيانَ عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ عَنْ مَحْمُوْدِبْنِ الرَّبِيْعِ عَنْ عُبَادَةَ بْنِ الصَّامِتِ عَنِ النَّبِىِّ صَلَى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَمَ قَلَ لَاصَلَاةَ لِمَنْ لَمْ يَقرَأُ بِفَاتِحَةِ الْكِتَابِ

Surat Al Fatihah
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم (1) الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ (2) الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ (3) مَالِكِ يَوْمِ الدِّينِ (4) إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ وَإِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِينُ (5) اهْدِنَا الصِّرَاطَ الْمُسْتَقِيمَ (6) صِرَاطَ الَّذِينَ أَنْعَمْتَ عَلَيْهِمْ غَيْرِ الْمَغْضُوبِ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلا الضَّالِّينَ 7

أَخْبَرَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْمُثَنَّى قَالَ حَدَّثَنَاعَبْدُالرَّحمَنِ بْنُ مَهْدِىٍّ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَاأَبَانُ ابْنُ يَزِيْدَ عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ أَبِى كَثِيْرٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ أَبِى قَتَادَةَ عَنْ أَبِيْهِ قَالَ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى اللَّهُ علىه و سلم يَقْرَأُ فِى الظُّهْرِ وَ العَصْرِ فِى الرَّكْعَتَيْنِ الْأُوْلَيَيْنِ بِأُمِّ الْقُرْآنِ وَ سُوْرَتَيْنِ وَفِى الْأُخْرَيَيْنِ بِأُمِّ الْقُرْآنِ كَانَ يُسْمِعُنَا الْآيَةَ أَحْيَانَا وَ كَانَ يُطِيْلُأَ وَّ لَرَكْعَةٍ مِنْ صَلَاةِ الظٌّهْرِ -٢-١٢٥

Ruku
Ruku means bowing. During ruku, Muslims says 'glory be to God, the Most Great', three times.

During prayer, it is forbidden to fidget or look around. Muslims must pray as though they are in the presence of God, and therefore must be in a state of concentration.

Brief Qiyaam / Itidal
While moving into the upright position, Muslims recite 'God listens to the one who praises Him' and while in the standing position, 'To God belongs all praise' then is recited. 'God is Great' is recited again. Hands are loosely at the sides this time.

Each movement is always preceded by the phrase 'God is Great'. This indicates to followers of the prayer that the leader is about to make the next movement.

Recitation of Itidal
أَجْبَرَنَاالْجَارُوْدُبْنُ مُعَاذٍالتِّرْمِذِىُّ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُوخَالِدٍ الأَحْمَرُ عَنْ مُحَمّدِبْنِ عَجْلَانَ عَنْ أَبِى صَلِحٍ عَنْ أَبِى هُرَيْرَةَ ٌقَلَ قَلَ ... أِنَّمَاجُعِلَ الإِمَامُ لِيُؤْتَمَّ بِهِ فَإِذَاكَبَّرَفَكَبِّرُوْا فَإِذَاقَرَأَ فَأَ،ْصِتُوْاوَإِذَا قَالَ سَمِعَ الله لِمنْ حَمِدَهُ فَقُوْلُوا اللَّهُمَّ رَبَّنَا لَكَ الْحَمْدُ -٢-١٤١-١٤٢

Rasulullah spoke,"Verily imam is made to be followed, when he takbir you takbir when he recite so be silent, when recite "sami'aAllahu liman hamidah" (Allah listen to who praises to Him) so say "Allahumma rabbanaa lakalhamdu" (for you Allah all praise)
Sujud
Sujud means to prostrate. While in the prostration position 'Glory be to God, the Most High' is repeated three times. Palms, knees, toes, forehead and nose must be the only body parts touching the ground.

The Prophet said, "The worst thief is he who steals from his prayer." His companions asked, "O Messenger of Allah, how does he steal from his prayer?" He said, "He does not perfect its ruku and sujud".


Brief sitting
'God is Great' is recited while moving to the sitting position. Muslims pause here for a few seconds, either staying silent, or reciting a shorter prayer. 'God is Great' is recited once more as the sujud position is taken again.

The Prophet recommended that each movement must last at least the time that it takes for the bones to settle. He compared some people's ruku' and sujud to the way that a crow pecks on the ground, because of the speed at which they perform it. (Ibn Khuzaymah)


Sujud
This sujud is the same as the first one.

After reciting 'Glory be to God, the Most High', one 'raka'ah', or unit is complete. Each salah has its own number of units though. The shortest prayer, Fajr, has two.

To continue the prayer from the sujud position, Muslims say 'God is Great' and stand up to repeat everything from Surah Al Fatiha, until they reach this sujud again.


Tashahhud
After saying God is Great, Muslims return to the sitting position. They recite a set number of short prayers in Arabic, praising God, and sending peace on the Prophet. They repeat the declaration of faith, raising the forefinger of their right hand, in order to act as a witness.

They then ask God to bestow blessings and peace upon Prophet Abraham and his family, and ask for the same for Prophet Muhammad. Finally, Muslims ask for forgiveness and mercy, and ask God to bless them and their children until the Day of Judgement.


Salam to the right
To end the prayer, Muslims first turn their face to the right saying 'Peace be upon you, and the mercy and blessings of Allah.'

This is said to the Angels which Muslims believe accompany each human being to record their actions.

Salam to right and to left
أَخْبَرَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ ٌقَالَ حَدَثَنَا عَبْدُالعَزِيْزِيَعْنِى الدَّرَاوَرْدِيَّ عَنْ عَمْرِوبْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِبْنِ يَحْيَى بْنِ حَبَّانَ عَنْ عَمِهِ واسِعِ بْنِ حَبَّانَ قَالَ قُلْتُ لِابْنِ عُمَرَ أَخْبِرْنِى عَنْ صَلَاةِ رَسُوْلِالله صلى اللهُ علىه وسلم كَيْفَ كَانَتْ قَالَ فَذَكَرَ التَّكْبْيرَ قَالَ يَعْنِى وَذَكَرَالسَّلَامُ عَلَيْكُمْ وَرَحْمَةُ الله عَنْ يَمِيْنِهِ السَّلَامُ عَلَيْكُمْ عَنْ يَسَارِهِ
Peace to the left
'Peace be upon you, and the mercy and blessings of Allah' is repeated turning to the left side now.

Muslims believe the Angel on the right side records all good actions and thoughts, while the one on the left records all bad actions.